Container gardening is an excellent way to grow plants, especially if you don’t have much yard area! Consider planting in pots if you have a little gardening space or just have access to a patio, balcony, driveway, or rooftop.
Containers are an inexpensive way to add color to your yard, patio, or porch. Sure, you could put some begonias or petunias in a container and call it a day. With a little more work, though, you can create very lovely container gardens full of blooming flowers and greenery. Here’s everything you need to know to successfully grow a container garden:
1. Choose the right containers
Containers, like plants, have unique qualities to consider, such as weight, sensitivity to weather changes, and aesthetics. When selecting a container, keep your budget, space, and style in mind. However, bear in mind that the larger your container, the easier it will be to keep clean. The more soil that a container can hold, the more moisture it can hold. In general, avoid containers that are less than 12 inches across. When it comes to growing veggies in containers, bigger is better.
2. Choosing the plants
When selecting veggies for container gardening, go for bush or short types (also known as dwarf or compact), and make sure your environment has enough growing days for the appropriate time to mature. Vegetables that can be readily transplanted are usually excellent options since they adapt well to the potted environment.
3. Choose the right soil for plants
Even if you have good soil beneath your lawn, you should not utilize it for your container garden. Potted plants, especially edible plants, require a lot of nutrition, aeration, drainage, and moisture retention, which potting mix provides. Because the potting mix is soilless, it is sterile and devoid of fungus and illnesses.
4. Setting the right light and temperature
People frequently overestimate how much sunlight their pots receive. While you can find a perfect plant for practically any quantity of light, you must first determine how much light your container will receive before selecting your plants. Place your container where you want it and time how long the sun shines on it to determine how much direct light it will receive. You may also use a sun calculator to figure out how much sunshine you get.
5. Creating optimal drainage
To avoid plants from drowning, proper drainage is essential. When there isn’t a large enough hole or holes for water to drain out of your pot, your soil becomes too wet and your plants’ roots might rot, causing the plant to die. The bad news is that many garden pots on the market lack adequate drainage.
6. Aerate the soil regularly
Plants that can’t absorb oxygen from their roots can’t continue one of the most important processes that keep them alive. This is why it is critical to guarantee sufficient aeration of plant soil and why overwatering plants may be so harmful to their health. Potted plants require well-aerated soil to transport oxygen to their roots, but they cannot rely on nature’s aerators, such as worms and other subterranean burrowers, to make air tunnels for them.
7. Water the plants adequately
Many food plants, such as tomatoes, require an abundance of water. You don’t want to drown your plants, though. The idea is to keep the soil moist but not soaked.
8. Choose the fertilizers
Most potting soil has no readily available nutrients for your plants; you must supplement them. The great majority of plants will require fertilizer to grow in your soil. A slow-release fertilizer can be mixed into potting soil. To do this, either make a large quantity of potting soil combined with fertilizer in a bucket or fill your pot with potting soil before adding the fertilizer.
9. Add dimensions with shelves and stands
You may be wondering how a container garden might help you save space. When dealing with containers, you might forego the usual vertical style in favor of a stacked structure. You may grow vertically as well as outwards. Many people use this strategy to get privacy since the plants might function as a barrier between you and a nearby neighbor.