Growing plants in containers is a great option, particularly if you don’t have a lot of space in your yard to work with. If you have limited area for gardening or have access to a patio, balcony, driveway, or rooftop, you might want to think about planting in containers instead.
Your yard, patio, or porch may get a splash of color without breaking the bank if you use containers. It’s possible that if you put some begonias or petunias in a container, you could call it a day and be done with it. However, with a little bit of extra effort, you can build really stunning container gardens that are brimming with blooming flowers and lush foliage. The following is everything you need to know in order to develop a container garden with success:
1. Choose the right containers
Weight, sensitivity to changes in the weather, and overall aesthetics are all important aspects to think about when it comes to containers, just as they are with plants. When choosing a container, it is important to consider your finances, the available space, and your personal style in mind. Keep in mind, however, that the more space you have in your container, the less work it will be to maintain its cleanliness. The capacity of a container to hold soil directly correlates to its ability to store moisture. In general, you should avoid using containers with a width of less than 12 inches. When it comes to cultivating vegetables in containers, it’s best to use larger ones.
2. Choosing the plants
When choosing vegetables for container gardening, it is best to go with shrub or short kinds (also known as dwarf or compact), and you should also ensure that your environment has sufficient growing days for the plants to reach maturity at the appropriate time. Vegetables that can be easily transplanted into new environments are typically good selections because they adjust well to the environment of being grown in pots.
3. Choose the right soil for plants
You shouldn’t use the soil from your lawn for your container garden, even if it’s in good condition and is beneath your grass. The potting mix supplies the nutrients, aeration, drainage, and moisture retention that containerized plants, particularly edible plants, need. Potting mix also facilitates drainage. Because it does not contain any soil, the potting mix is sterile and free of any diseases or fungi that might be present.
4. Setting the right light and temperature
People frequently have an exaggerated perception of the amount of sunshine that their plants take in. Before choosing plants for a container, you need to first ascertain how much light the container will be exposed to. This is despite the fact that there is a suitable plant for nearly any level of illumination. Determine the amount of direct light that will be received by your container by positioning it where you want it, then timing how long the sun shines on it. You might also use a sun calculator to determine the amount of sunlight that reaches your location.
5. Creating optimal drainage
It is crucial to have enough drainage if you want to keep plants from drowning. When there is not a hole or holes in the bottom of the pot that are big enough to let water drain out, the soil will become excessively wet, which will cause the roots of your plants to rot, which will ultimately result in the death of the plant. The disappointing news is that many of the garden pots currently available on the market do not have appropriate drainage.
6. Aerate the soil regularly
In order for plants to stay alive, they need to be able to continue one of the most vital activities, which is the absorption of oxygen through their roots. Because of this, it is essential to guarantee that the soil in which plants are grown has an adequate amount of air circulation, and it is also the reason why overwatering plants can be so detrimental to their health. Plants that are grown in containers need the soil to be well-aerated so that oxygen can reach their roots; yet, they cannot rely on the natural aerators that exist in the environment, such as worms and other subterranean burrowers, to create air tunnels for them.
7. Water the plants adequately
A wide variety of edible plants, such as tomatoes, demand an excessive amount of water. However, you must take care not to suffocate your plants. The soil ought to be kept damp without being completely saturated with water.
8. Choose the fertilizers
The majority of potting soil does not have any nutrients that are easily accessible to your plants; you will need to supplement them. The vast majority of plants that you intend to grow in your soil will require the addition of fertilizer. A fertilizer with a controlled release can be combined with potting soil. Either fill the container with potting soil first, then add the fertilizer, or make a huge batch of potting soil that you combine with fertilizer in a bucket. Either way, this will accomplish what you need.
9. Add dimensions with shelves and stands
You might be wondering how growing plants in containers will help you make better use of the space you have available. When working with containers, you could choose to eschew the typical vertical arrangement and instead opt for a structure that is layered. You have the potential to develop both horizontally and vertically. The presence of plants can act as a physical barrier between you and a neighbor who lives close, which is why a lot of individuals turn to this tactic when they want more privacy.